Pentagon Announces Major Shift In US Nuclear Policy

That programme, the Congressional Budget Office estimates, will cost $1.2 trillion over 30 years.

The Nuclear Posture Reviewdescribed a "new intercontinental, nuclear-armed, nuclear-powered, undersea autonomous torpedo", which could be deployed from beneath a submarine.

The new nuclear weapons policy follows on President Donald Trump's promise before taking office to expand and strengthen US nuclear capabilities.

The review recommends modifying "a small number" of existing nuclear warheads on Trident missiles carried on US submarines to reduce the weapons' explosive power. They are created to deter large-scale attacks on the United States or allies. The atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima had about the same explosive power.

To an extent, the boot is now on the other foot.

"First, the Russian Federation is shown in a negative light again".

Still, Russia tends to be a successful rationale for new spending, no matter how unreasonable, and may deflect long-standing concerns that this scheme is actually just making nuclear weapons more usable, and as a result, making nuclear warfare more common in the future.

The review says it candidly addresses the challenges posed by "Russian, Chinese and other states' strategic policies, programs and capabilities, particularly nuclear".

According to the 2018 US Nuclear Posture Review, published on Friday, the country will maintain and enhance the capability to deploy nuclear bombers and dual-capable aircraft around the world, and it is committed to working with North Atlantic Treaty Organisation to ensure the readiness and operational effectiveness of such aircraft based in Europe.

After the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Vladimir Putin went out of his way to suggest that there were circumstances in which Russian Federation might use such weapons. To this end, the NPR contains some strong but sensible language-first and foremost, by making clear that Russian Federation will not be able to use nuclear weapons and escape consequences that would be worse than any gain Moscow might hope to achieve. But that does not square with a doctrine it has developed known as "escalate to de-escalate". Critics worry the new weapons would make the USA more likely to use nuclear force and, hence, feed a nuclear arms race.

The document argues that by developing United States nuclear responses, it raises the Russian threshold for using the weapons, rather than lowering the USA threshold. Washington would be forced to choose between launching a much larger scale nuclear attack on Russian Federation or responding with less serious conventional arms that would make Washington look weak.

2. A world without nuclear weapons is not safer. Supporters argue that the opposite is the case.

"There are no good nukes and no such thing as a limited nuclear war".

Debates of this kind can never be resolved.

President TrumpDonald John TrumpSchiff: Nunes gave Trump "secretly altered" version of memo Davis: "Deep state" existed in '16 - but it elected Trump Former Trump legal spokesman to testify to Mueller about undisclosed call: report MORE on Friday applauded the new policy, which follows months of analysis that he ordered previous year. To this end, the NPR proposes not only replacing an aging nuclear arsenal but further "supplement [ing]" it with two new missiles.


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